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Subdural haematoma in neonates following forceps-assisted delivery: case series and review of the literature

Zaben, M, Manivannan, S, Petralia, C and Leach, P 2019. Subdural haematoma in neonates following forceps-assisted delivery: case series and review of the literature. Child's Nervous System 35 (3) , pp. 403-409. 10.1007/s00381-018-04043-6

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Purpose Subdural haematoma (SDH) is a recognised complication of forceps-assisted delivery (FAD). There are no guidelines regarding its management. This study aims to provide a better insight into the management and outcomes of neonatal SDH post-FAD. Methods Retrospective review of our neonatal database and systematic review of the literature for neonatal cases that presented with SDH after FAD. Retrospective neurosurgical database search for cases of neonatal SDH post-FAD managed in our unit between January 2007 and January 2017. Systematic review of the literature was performed using PRISMA guidelines. The inclusion criteria are as follows: (1) neonates; (2) forceps-assisted delivery; (3) evidence of SDH on imaging, with or without other traumatic lesions. Results A literature search yielded nine studies with 30 patients meeting our inclusion criteria. In addition, four cases were identified from our institutional database. Forty-two percent (n = 14) had their SDH managed surgically, with subsequent full neurological recovery in 57%. In comparison, 95% (n = 18) of the conservatively managed patients made a full recovery. Hydrocephalus was present in 1/19 and 11/14 of the conservatively managed and surgically managed patients respectively. Conclusions Conservative management can lead to a full neurological recovery in SDH following FAD in neonates. However, a significant minority may still need neurosurgical intervention for the SDH or subsequent hydrocephalus; therefore, we advocate early transfer to a specialist neuroscience centre.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 0256-7040
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 January 2019
Date of Acceptance: 26 December 2018
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2019 13:01

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