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Establishing appropriate socio-cultural and environmental design strategies for residential buildings in Baghdad: learning from the vernacular

Aalhashem, Noor 2020. Establishing appropriate socio-cultural and environmental design strategies for residential buildings in Baghdad: learning from the vernacular. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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The issue of energy conservation and rationalisation of consumption is one of the most important issues in the modern era, particularly in the building sector, with the residential sector consuming about 48% of the total national energy usage, where most of it is consumed in the operations of supplying the building with cooling and ventilation in the summers and heating during the winters. In search of future sustainability, it can be seen that Baghdad city’s housing is of two types: authentic architecture that embodies vernacular passive design strategies and contemporary design reflecting global sensibilities. However, it can be argued that neither of these housing typologies provide residents with both adequate comfort levels and efficient energy usage. This study aims to recognize and assess the cultural and environmental relevance of vernacular and contemporary housing in Baghdad, Iraq in order to establish a set of appropriate design approaches to inform future housing designs in Iraq, which can both enhance comfort levels while decreasing energy usage while remaining culturally responsive. In doing so, this study seeks to review previous literature to understand the current state of knowledge in this field of study and provide an academic basis for the identification of climatically appropriate passive design strategies. The study has included bioclimatic analysis using the psychrometric chart for Baghdad that analyses and identifies feasible passive strategies for application in Baghdadi climate. Most notably, however, this work aims to understand the public’s (the market’s) satisfaction with both contemporary and vernacular houses with regards to environmental and cultural performance. Further, experts’ perceptions of the potential for inclusion of passive design strategies in future Baghdadi housing designs were also evaluated. Findings from these four investigations: literature, bioclimatic analysis, public and professional perspectives were undertaken in the themes of the urban fabric, and architectural design factors and findings were subsequently synthesised to inform decisions on those passive design strategies most appropriate for adoption in future designs for new sustainable housing in Baghdad. These future design strategies will require a combination of contemporary technology with passive design fundamentals in order to provide better and naturally welcoming housing solutions that can satisfy both functional expectations and social needs.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Architecture
Funders: Higher Committee for Education Development, Iraq
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 July 2020
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2021 01:30

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