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The time dependent solvent extraction of Ta and Nb

de Beer, Leon, Ungerer, Marietjie J., van der Westhuizen, Derik J. and Krieg, Henning M. 2014. The time dependent solvent extraction of Ta and Nb. Advanced Materials Research 1019 , pp. 433-438. 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1019.433

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Abstract

The suitability of Liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) for the selective extraction of chemically similar tantalum (Ta) and niobium (Nb) mixtures was investigated by determining the influence of the acid concentration, extractant to metal mole ratio (E:M) as well as the ageing of the feed on extraction using the extractants, bis (2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (D2EHPA) and di-iso-octylphosphinic acid (PA). The system consisted of a solvent in varying E:M ratio’s, diluted in cyclohexane with 3% (v\v) 1-octanol added as modifier and a feed solution containing sulphuric acid and 100 ppm of the NH4TaF6 and NH4NbF6 complexes. Depending on the acid concentration, extraction percentages (%E) of up to 100% for Ta and 10-20% for Nb were attained. An initial lack of repeatability in experimental results was shown to be caused by variations in the age of the feed solution. The change in extraction trends expressed as a normalized %E for the aged feed solutions were nearly identical for both extractants when using 3, 6, 9 and 14mol/dm3 H2SO4. For the 3 and 6mol/dm3 solutions, the %E decreased significantly within the first 4-5 hours of ageing. At 9mol/dm3 the %E remained stable for feed ages up to 3.5 hours before declining, while the %E remained near constant at 14mol/dm3even after ageing for 24 hours.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
ISSN: 1662-8985
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2021 15:45
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/139828

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