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Behavior of S, SO, and SO3 on Pt (001), (011), and (111) surfaces: a DFT study

Ungerer, Marietjie J., van Sittert, Cornelia G. C. E. and de Leeuw, Nora H. 2021. Behavior of S, SO, and SO3 on Pt (001), (011), and (111) surfaces: a DFT study. The Journal of Chemical Physics 154 (19) , 194701. 10.1063/5.0043501
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Abstract

In the hybrid sulfur (HyS) cycle, the reaction between SO2 and H2O is manipulated to produce hydrogen with water and sulfuric acid as by-products. However, sulfur poisoning of the catalyst has been widely reported to occur in this cycle, which is due to strong chemisorption of sulfur on the metal surface. The catalysts may deactivate as a result of these impurities present in the reactants or incorporated in the catalyst during its preparation and operation of the HyS cycle. Here, we report a density functional theory investigation of the interaction between S, SO, and SO3 with the Pt (001), (011), and (111) surfaces. First, we have investigated the adsorption of single gas phase molecules on the three Pt surfaces. During adsorption, the 4F hollow sites on the (001) and (011) surfaces and the fcc hollow site on the (111) surface were preferred. S adsorption followed the trend of (001)4F > (011)4F > (111)fcc, while SO adsorption showed (001)4F > (011)bridge/4F > (111)fcc and SO3 adsorption was most stable in a S,O,O bound configuration on the (001)4F > (011)4F > (111)fcc sites. The surface coverage was increased on all the surfaces until a monolayer was obtained. The highest surface coverage for S shows the trend (001)S = (111)S > (011)S, and for SO it is (001)SO > (011)SO > (111)SO, similar to SO3 where we found (001)SO3 > (011)SO3 > (111)SO3. These trends indicate that the (001) surface is more susceptible to S species poisoning. It is also evident that both the (001) and (111) surfaces were reactive toward S, leading to the formation of S2. The high coverage of SO3 showed the formation of SO2 and SO4, especially on the (011) surface. The thermodynamics indicated that an increased temperature of up to 2000 K resulted in Pt surfaces fully covered with elemental S. The SO coverage showed θ ≥ 1.00 on both the (001) and (011) surfaces and θ = 0.78 for the (111) surface in the experimental region where the HyS cycle is operated. Lower coverages of SO3 were observed due to the size of the molecule.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
ISSN: 0021-9606
Funders: EPSRC and ESRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 August 2021
Date of Acceptance: 26 April 2021
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 08:24
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/143219

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