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Partial purification of an intercalated disc-containing cardiac plasma membrane fraction

Colaco, C. A. and Evans, William Howard 1982. Partial purification of an intercalated disc-containing cardiac plasma membrane fraction. Acta Biochimica et Biophysica 684 (1) , pp. 40-46. 10.1016/0005-2736(82)90046-3

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The sarcolemma of cardiac muscle cells contains a specialised junctional region, the intercalated disc which includes three types of intercellular junction, the macula and fascia adherens and the nexus or gap junction. To facilitate the isolation of these junctions a procedure for the partial purification from mouse hearts of a subcellular fraction containing the intercalated disc region of the sarcolemma was developed. This involved investigating methods of tissue disruption that preserve the integrity of the intercalated disc and minimise myofibrillar entrapment of organelles. Examination of the distribution of marker enzymes showed that relative to the homogenate the intercalated disc fraction prepared by sucrose density centrifugation was only enriched 1.5- to 3-fold in 5'-nucleotidase and (Na+ + K+)-ATPase activities, whereas mitochondrial and sarcoplasmic reticulum marker enzymes were low. The properties of the intercalated disc-containing fraction were compared with the vesicular sarcolemmal fractions devoid of junctional complexes prepared by other methods.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0006-3002
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 02:54

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