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A model to predict vaginal delivery in nulliparous women based on maternal characteristics and intrapartum ultrasound

Eggebø, Tørbjorn Moe, Wilhelm-Benartzi, Charlotte, Hassan, Wassim A., Usman, Sana, Salvesen, Kjell A. and Lees, Christoph C. 2015. A model to predict vaginal delivery in nulliparous women based on maternal characteristics and intrapartum ultrasound. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 213 (3) , 362.e1-362.e6. 10.1016/j.ajog.2015.05.044

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Objective Accurate prediction of whether a nulliparous woman will have a vaginal delivery would be a major advance in obstetrics. The objective of the study was to develop such a model based on maternal characteristics and the results of intrapartum ultrasound. Study Design One hundred twenty-two nulliparous women in the first stage of labor were included in a prospective observational 2-centre study. Labor was classified as prolonged according to the respective countries’ national guidelines. Fetal head position was assessed with transabdominal ultrasound and cervical dilatation by digital examination, and transperineal ultrasound was used to determine head-perineum distance and the presence of caput succedaneum. The subjects were divided into a testing set (n = 61) and a validation set (n = 61) and a risk score derived using multivariable logistic regression with vaginal birth as the outcome, which was dichotomized into no/cesarean delivery and yes/vaginal birth. Covariates included head-perineum distance, caput succedaneum, and occiput posterior position, which were dichotomized respectively into the following: ≤40 mm, >40 mm, <10 mm, ≥10 mm, and no, yes. Maternal age, gestational age, and maternal body mass index were included as continuous covariates. Results Dichotomized score is significantly associated with vaginal delivery (P = .03). Women with a score above the median had greater than 10 times the odds of having a vaginal delivery as compared with those with a score below the median. The receiver-operating characteristic curve showed an area under the curve of 0.853 (95% confidence interval, 0.678–1.000). Conclusion A risk score based on maternal characteristics and intrapartum findings can predict vaginal delivery in nulliparous women in the first stage of labor.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0002-9378
Date of Acceptance: 20 May 2015
Last Modified: 28 May 2020 08:30

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