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Investigation to test potential stereolithography materials for development of an in vitro root canal model

Mohmmed, Saifalarab A., Vianna, Morgana, Hilton, Stephen T., Boniface, David R., Ng, Yuan-Ling and Knowles, Jonathan C. 2017. Investigation to test potential stereolithography materials for development of an in vitro root canal model. Microscopy Research and Technique 80 (2) , pp. 202-210. 10.1002/jemt.22788

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The aims were to compare the physico-chemical properties (zeta-potential, wettability, surface free energy) of stereolithography materials (STL) (Photopolymer, Accura) to dentine and to evaluate the potential of each material to develop Enterococcus faecalis biofilm on their respective surfaces. Eighteen samples of each test material (Photopolymer, Accura, dentine) were employed (total n = 54) and sectioned to 1 mm squares (5 mm x 5 mm) (n = 15) or ground into a powder to measure zeta-potential (n = 3). The zeta-potential of the powder was measured using the Nano-Zetasizer technique. The contact angle (wettability, surface free energy tests) were measured on nine samples using goniometer. The biofilm attachment onto the substrate was assessed on the samples of each material using microscope and image processing software. The data were compared using one-way ANOVA with Dunnett post-hoc tests at a level of significance P ≤ 0.05. Both STL materials showed similar physico-chemical properties to dentine. The materials and dentine had negative charge (Accura: −23.7 mv, Photopolymer: −18.8 mv, dentine: −9.11 mv). The wettability test showed that all test materials were hydrophilic with a contact angle of 47.5°, 39.8°, 36.1° for Accura, Photopolymer and dentine respectively, and a surface free energy of 46.6, 57.7, 59.6 mN/m for Accura, Photopolymer and dentine, respectively. The materials and dentine proved suitable for attachment and growth of E. faecalis biofilm with no statistical differences (P > 0.05). Stereolithography materials show similar physico-chemical properties and growth of E. faecalis biofilm to dentine. Therefore, they may be an alternative to tests requiring dentine.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: stereolithography materials; dentine; physico-chemical properties; Enterococcus faecalis; biofilm
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1059-910X
Date of Acceptance: 21 August 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:35

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