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Modeling the antecedents of proactive behavior at work

Parker, S. K., Williams, H. M. and Turner, N. 2006. Modeling the antecedents of proactive behavior at work. Journal of Applied Psychology 91 (3) , pp. 636-652. 10.1037/0021-9010.91.3.636

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Using a sample of U.K. wire makers (N = 282), the authors tested a model in which personality and work environment antecedents affect proactive work behavior via cognitive-motivational mechanisms. Self-reported proactive work behaviors (proactive idea implementation and proactive problem solving) were validated against rater assessments for a subsample (n = 60) of wire makers. With the exception of supportive supervision, each antecedent was important, albeit through different processes. Proactive personality was significantly associated with proactive work behavior via role breadth self-efficacy and flexible role orientation, job autonomy was also linked to proactive behavior via these processes, as well as directly; and coworker trust was associated with proactive behavior via flexible role orientation. In further support of the model, the cognitive-motivational processes for proactive work behavior differed from those for the more passive outcome of generalized compliance.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: American Psychological Association
ISBN: 00219010
ISSN: 0021-9010
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2020 13:00

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