Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Climate concerned but anti-nuclear: exploring (dis)approval of nuclear energy in four European countries

Sonnberger, Marco, Ruddat, Michael, Arnold, Annika, Scheer, Dirk, Poortinga, Wouter ORCID:, Böhm, Gisela, Bertoldo, Raquel, Mays, Claire, Pidgeon, Nicholas, Poumadère, Marc, Steentjes, Katharine and Tvinnereim, Endre 2021. Climate concerned but anti-nuclear: exploring (dis)approval of nuclear energy in four European countries. Energy Research and Social Science 75 , 102008. 10.1016/j.erss.2021.102008

[thumbnail of Climate+Change+and+Nuclear+Energy+-+final.pdf] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (533kB)


Energy systems across the world must undergo a fundamental transformation towards the use of low-carbon energy sources and technologies in order to reduce global CO2 emissions. While nuclear energy has historically been highly controversial, especially among people concerned about the environment, some voices have begun to suggest that nuclear energy should be reconsidered as an energy source, to help mitigate climate change.In this study we explore the relationship between climate change concern and public perceptions of nuclear energy, using representative survey data (n = 4048) from four key energy-producing European countries (France, Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom). After constructing a climate-change concern index and applying multiple linear regression models, we find that climate change concern is associated with more negative perceptions of nuclear energy in all four countries. These negative associations remain when we control for political orientation, gender, age, and education. Thus, a stable pattern of disapproval of nuclear energy among people concerned about climate change seems to exist independently of national contexts. This result casts into doubt the prospect that broad public support could rapidly emerge for the use (or the increasing use) of nuclear energy as a means to ensure reduced carbon emissions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2214-6296
Funders: Joint Programme Initiative on Climate Change (JPI); France�s Agence Nationale de la Recherche (grant number: ANR-14-JCLI-0003), the KLIMAFORSK programme of the Norwegian Research Council (grant number: 244904), a cooperation agreement between Equinor (formerly Statoil) and the University of Bergen (Akademiaavtale; project number: 803589) and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (grant number: 01UV1403).
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 March 2021
Date of Acceptance: 24 February 2021
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 20:42

Citation Data

Cited 9 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics