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Does vertical integration of health and social care organizations work? evidence from Scotland

Alonso, Jose M. and Andrews, Rhys ORCID: 2022. Does vertical integration of health and social care organizations work? evidence from Scotland. Social Science and Medicine 307 , 115188. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.115188

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Vertical integration of health and social care organizations is widely regarded as an effective way to deliver improved outcomes for recipients of the services provided by those organizations. We test this hypothesis by investigating the impact of the creation of integration authorities in Scotland – statutory bodies responsible for planning and resourcing adult social care, primary care, community health and unscheduled hospital care at the local level. Employing a difference-in-difference style analysis we compare delayed discharges and premature mortality rates in Scottish integration authorities with those for local authority areas in the North of England for the period 2013–2019. The results suggest that health and social care integration led to improved performance on delayed discharges in Scotland (point estimate, −0.236; 95% confidence interval, −0.443, −0.029), but that premature mortality rates remained unchanged. These findings suggest that the vertical integration of local health and social care organizations may enhance organizational efficiency and patient experience, but that improvements on broader indicators of population health are more difficult to achieve.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0037-7856
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 28 June 2022
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 06:53

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