Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Impaired verbal memory function is related to anterior cingulate glutamate levels in schizophrenia: findings from the STRATA study

Griffiths, Kira, Egerton, Alice, Millgate, Edward, Anton, Adriana, Barker, Gareth J., Deakin, Bill, Drake, Richard, Eliasson, Emma, Gregory, Catherine J., Howes, Oliver D., Kravariti, Eugenia, Lawrie, Stephen M., Lewis, Shôn, Lythgoe, David J., Murphy, Anna, McGuire, Philip, Semple, Scott, Stockton-Powdrell, Charlotte, Walters, James T. R. ORCID:, Williams, Stephen R. and MacCabe, James H. 2022. Impaired verbal memory function is related to anterior cingulate glutamate levels in schizophrenia: findings from the STRATA study. Schizophrenia 8 (1) , 60. 10.1038/s41537-022-00265-5

[thumbnail of 41537_2022_Article_265.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Download (800kB)


Abstract: Impaired cognition is associated with lower quality of life and poor outcomes in schizophrenia. Brain glutamate may contribute to both clinical outcomes and cognition, but these relationships are not well-understood. We studied a multicentre cohort of 85 participants with non-affective psychosis using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Glutamate neurometabolites were measured in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Cognition was assessed using the Brief Assessment for Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS). Patients were categorised as antipsychotic responders or non-responders based on treatment history and current symptom severity. Inverted U-shaped associations between glutamate or Glx (glutamate + glutamine) with BACS subscale and total scores were examined with regression analyses. We then tested for an interaction effect of the antipsychotic response group on the relationship between glutamate and cognition. ACC glutamate and Glx had a positive linear association with verbal memory after adjusting for age, sex and chlorpromazine equivalent dose (glutamate, β = 3.73, 95% CI = 1.26–6.20, P = 0.004; Glx, β = 3.38, 95% CI = 0.84–5.91, P = 0.01). This association did not differ between good and poor antipsychotic response groups. ACC glutamate was also positively associated with total BACS score (β = 3.12, 95% CI = 0.01–6.23, P = 0.046), but this was not significant after controlling for antipsychotic dose. Lower glutamatergic metabolites in the ACC were associated with worse verbal memory, and this relationship was independent of antipsychotic response. Further research on relationships between glutamate and cognition in antipsychotic responsive and non-responsive illness could aid the stratification of patient groups for targeted treatment interventions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:, Type: open-access
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group UK
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 July 2022
Date of Acceptance: 23 May 2022
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 14:05

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics