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The secondary harms of parental substance use on children's educational outcomes: a review

Lowthian, Emily 2022. The secondary harms of parental substance use on children's educational outcomes: a review. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma 15 , pp. 511-522. 10.1007/s40653-021-00433-2

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Parental substance use, that is alcohol and illicit drugs, can have a deleterious impact on child health and wellbeing. An area that can be affected by parental substance use is the educational outcomes of children. Current reviews of the literature in the field of parental substance use and children's educational outcomes have only identified a small number of studies, and most focus on children's educational attainment. To grasp the available literature, the method from Arksey and O’Malley (2005) was used to identify literature. Studies were included if they were empirical, after 1950, and focused on children’s school or educational outcomes. From this, 51 empirical studies were identified which examined the relationship between parental alcohol and illicit drug use on children’s educational outcomes. Five main themes emerged which included attainment, behavior and adjustment, attendance, school enjoyment and satisfaction, academic self-concept, along with other miscellaneous outcomes. This paper highlights the main findings of the studies, the gaps in the current literature, and the challenges presented. Recommendations are made for further research and interventions in the areas of parental substance use and child educational outcomes specifically, but also for broader areas of adversity and child wellbeing.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1936-1521
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 January 2023
Date of Acceptance: 20 December 2021
Last Modified: 23 May 2023 15:15

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