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The Simons Observatory: impact of bandpass, polarization angle and calibration uncertainties on small-scale power spectrum analysis

Giardiello, Serena, Gerbino, M., Pagano, L., Alonso, D., Beringue, Benjamin, Bolliet, B., Calabrese, Erminia ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0837-0068, Coppi, G., Errard, J., Fabbian, Giulio ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3255-4695, Harrison, I., Hill, J. C., Jense, H. T., Keating, B., La Posta, A., Lattanzi, M., Lonappan, A. I., Puglisi, G., Reichardt, C. L. and Simon, S. M. 2024. The Simons Observatory: impact of bandpass, polarization angle and calibration uncertainties on small-scale power spectrum analysis. [Online]. arXiv. Available at: https://arxiv.org/abs/2403.05242

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Abstract

We study the effects due to mismatches in passbands, polarization angles, and temperature and polarization calibrations in the context of the upcoming cosmic microwave background experiment Simons Observatory (SO). Using the SO multi-frequency likelihood, we estimate the bias and the degradation of constraining power in cosmological and astrophysical foreground parameters assuming different levels of knowledge of the instrumental effects. We find that incorrect but reasonable assumptions on the values of all the systematics examined here can have important effects in cosmological analyses, hence requiring marginalization approaches at likelihood level. When doing so, we find that the most relevant effect is due to bandpass shifts. When marginalizing over them, the posteriors of parameters describing astrophysical microwave foregrounds (such as radio point sources or dust) get degraded, while cosmological parameters constraints are not significantly affected. Marginalization over polarization angles with up to 0.25∘ uncertainty causes an irrelevant bias ≲0.05σ in all parameters. Marginalization over calibration factors in polarization broadens the constraints on the effective number of relativistic degrees of freedom Neff by a factor 1.2, interpreted here as a proxy parameter for non standard model physics targeted by high-resolution CMB measurements.

Item Type: Website Content
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Submitted
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: arXiv
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2024 12:33
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/167078

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