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Missense SLC25A38 variations play an important role in autosomal recessive inherited sideroblastic anemia

Kannengiesser, Caroline, Sanchez, Mayka, Sweeney, Marion ORCID:, Hetet, Gilles, Kerr, Briedgeen, Moran, Erica, Fuster Soler, Jose L., Maloum, Karim, Matthes, Thomas, Oudot, Caroline, Lascaux, Axelle, Pondarre, Corinne, Sevilla Navarro, Julian, Vidyatilake, Sudharma, Beaumont, Carole, Grandchamp, Bernard and May, Alison 2011. Missense SLC25A38 variations play an important role in autosomal recessive inherited sideroblastic anemia. Haematologica 96 (6) , pp. 808-813. 10.3324/haematol.2010.039164

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BACKGROUND: Congenital sideroblastic anemias are rare disorders with several genetic causes; they are characterized by erythroblast mitochondrial iron overload, differ greatly in severity and some occur within a syndrome. The most common cause of non-syndromic, microcytic sideroblastic anemia is a defect in the X-linked 5-aminolevulinate synthase 2 gene but this is not always present. Recently, variations in the gene for the mitochondrial carrier SLC25A38 were reported to cause a non-syndromic, severe type of autosomal-recessive sideroblastic anemia. Further evaluation of the importance of this gene was required to estimate the proportion of patients affected and to gain further insight into the range and types of variations involved. DESIGN AND METHODS: In three European diagnostic laboratories sequence analysis of SLC25A38 was performed on DNA from patients affected by congenital sideroblastic anemia of a non-syndromic nature not caused by variations in the 5-aminolevulinate synthase 2 gene. RESULTS: Eleven patients whose ancestral origins spread across several continents were homozygous or compound heterozygous for ten different SLC25A38 variations causing premature termination of translation (p.Arg117X, p.Tyr109LeufsX43), predicted splicing alteration (c.625G>C; p.Asp209His) or missense substitution (p.Gln56Lys, p.Arg134Cys, p.Ile147Asn, p.Arg187Gln, p.Pro190Arg, p.Gly228Val, p.Arg278Gly). Only three of these variations have been described previously (p.Arg117X, p.Tyr109LeufsX43 and p.Asp209His). All new variants reported here are missense and affect conserved amino acids. Structure modeling suggests that these variants may influence different aspects of transport as described for mutations in other mitochondrial carrier disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Mutations in the SLC25A38 gene cause severe, non-syndromic, microcytic/hypochromic sideroblastic anemia in many populations. Missense mutations are shown to be of importance as are mutations that affect protein production. Further investigation of these mutations should shed light on structure-function relationships in this protein.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Pensiero Scientifico / Ferrata Storti Foundation
ISSN: 0390-6078
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 10:10

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