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Parent psychopathology and neurocognitive functioning in children with ADHD

Agha, Sharifah Shameem, Zammit, Stanley, Thapar, Anita and Langley, Kate 2020. Parent psychopathology and neurocognitive functioning in children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders 24 (13) , pp. 1836-1846. 10.1177/1087054717718262

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the association between parent mental health (ADHD and depression) and offspring performance on neurocognitive tasks in children with ADHD. Method: The clinical sample consisted of 570 children (85% males, mean age: 10.77 years) with ADHD who completed neurocognitive tasks measuring working memory, attention set-shifting, and motivational deficits. Questionnaire measures were used to assess ADHD and depression symptom presence in parents. Results: Controlling for ADHD severity, children of parents with ADHD had poorer working memory (B = −0.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] [−0.45, −0.07], p = .01) and increased errors on the extra dimensional shift stage of the set-shifting task (B = 0.26 95% CI [0.02, 0.50], p = .04). Parent depression was not associated with offspring performance on any of the assessed neurocognitive tasks. Conclusion: Children with ADHD who have a parent with ADHD symptom presence are a subgroup of children who may have additional neurocognitive impairments that have potential implications when implementing interventions that target cognition and learning.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD, neurocognitive functioning, parent ADHD, parent depression
Additional Information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Publisher: SAGE
ISSN: 1087-0547
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 May 2017
Date of Acceptance: 15 May 2017
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2021 01:09
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/100746

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