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A reconsideration of cf. Psilophyton princeps (Croft & Lang, 1942), a zosterophyll widespread in the Lower Old Red Sandstone of South Wales

Edwards, Dianne, Kenrick, Paul and Carluccio, Leeds M. 1989. A reconsideration of cf. Psilophyton princeps (Croft & Lang, 1942), a zosterophyll widespread in the Lower Old Red Sandstone of South Wales. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 100 (4) , pp. 293-318. 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1989.tb01723.x

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The Lower Devonian plant from Llanover Quarry, Gwent, cal ed cf. Psilophyton princeps, is shown to be a zosterophyll and placed in a new genus. It comprises an ere t planar pseudomonopodial and isotomously branching system of spiny axes with subaxillary pre ections (axillary tubercles) with circinate tips, sometimes replaced by a downwardly directed, spiring, branching axis. Its xylem, strap-shaped in cross-section and exarch, is composed of directly and ndirectly connected annular thickenings. An extended distal fertile zone consists of axes with spot ingia in two opposite or sub-opposite rows. Each sporangium comprises two equal valves, ellip'ical to reniform in face view, and is held upright on a short curved stalk. Dehiscence is around the convex margin which is bordered by a narrow strip of thickening. The Welsh plants are comp ired with other zosterophylls and appear closest to Sawdonia ornata except that they possess sub-axillay branches and lack the characteristic dark-tipped spines. Detailed analysis of coalified mater: and the distribution and fabric of pyrite in permineralizations shows that the original structure of the tracheids was similar to that in Gosslingia and most other zosterophylls, and that the taphonomic processes, with lignified walls preserved as coalified layers and softer tissues replaced by pyrite, were also broadly the same. Permineralizations in pyrite and limonite allow an evaluation of the effects of oxidation of pyrite on original cell structure.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Q Science > QK Botany
Uncontrolled Keywords: Permineralization; pyrite; taphonomy; tracheids
Publisher: Linnean Society of London
ISSN: 0024-4074
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:09

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