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Fos expression in the rostral thalamic nuclei and associated cortical regions in response to different spatial memory tests

Vann, Seralynne Denise, Brown, M. W. and Aggleton, John Patrick 2000. Fos expression in the rostral thalamic nuclei and associated cortical regions in response to different spatial memory tests. Neuroscience 101 (4) , pp. 983-991. 10.1016/S0306-4522(00)00288-8

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Using the quantification of the Fos protein as an indicator of neuronal activation, we studied the involvement of the rostral thalamic nuclei and associated structures in different spatial memory tasks in two experiments. In both experiments, tasks were matched for sensorimotor factors but differed in their spatial and mnemonic demands. In Experiment 1, matched groups of rats either ran in a standard eight-arm radial maze or ran up and down just one arm of the maze while the number of runs and rewards were matched across pairs of rats. In Experiment 2, both groups were trained on the eight-arm radial maze but in different rooms. On the test day, one group was moved so that both groups now performed the same radial-maze task in the same room but for one group the extramaze cues were novel. There were significant increases in Fos in all three of the anterior thalamic nuclei (anterodorsal, anteroventral and anteromedial) as well as the adjacent nucleus reuniens and rostral reticular thalamic nucleus, in both the eight-arm versus one-arm condition (Experiment 1) and the novel room versus familiar room condition (Experiment 2). There were no significant differences in the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus in either experiment. The more spatially demanding task in each experiment also resulted in increased Fos expression in the subicular complex (postsubiculum, presubiculum and parasubiculum), as well as in the prelimbic cortex. Performing the standard radial-arm maze task also produced significant Fos increases in both rostral and caudal levels of the retrosplenial cortex when compared to rats running up and down a single arm in the same maze (Experiment 1); performing the task in a novel room did not, however, result in any further Fos increases in this region (Experiment 2). The specificity of the changes in levels of Fos was shown by a lack of any consistent difference in levels in six control sites. The present results reveal a group of anatomically related structures that work together in the intact rat brain during tasks that tax allocentric spatial working memory.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: anterior thalamic nuclei; cingulate cortex; retrosplenial cortex; spatial memory; subicular complex; thalamus
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0306-4522
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:43

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