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Saccadic Adaptation Boosts Ongoing Gamma Activity in a Subsequent Visuoattentional Task

Nicolas, Judith, Bompas, Aline, Bouet, Romain, Sillan, Oliver, Koun, Eric, Urquizar, Christian, Bidet-Caulet, Aurelie and Pelisson, Denis 2019. Saccadic Adaptation Boosts Ongoing Gamma Activity in a Subsequent Visuoattentional Task. Cerebral Cortex 29 (9) , pp. 3606-3617. 10.1093/cercor/bhy241

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Attention and saccadic adaptation (SA) are critical components of visual perception, the former enhancing sensory processing of selected objects, the latter maintaining the eye movements accuracy toward them. Recent studies propelled the hypothesis of a tight functional coupling between these mechanisms, possibly due to shared neural substrates. Here, we used magnetoencephalography to investigate for the first time the neurophysiological bases of this coupling and of SA per se. We compared visual discrimination performance of 12 healthy subjects before and after SA. Eye movements and magnetic signals were recorded continuously. Analyses focused on gamma band activity (GBA) during the pretarget period of the discrimination and the saccadic tasks. We found that GBA increases after SA. This increase was found in the right hemisphere for both postadaptation saccadic and discrimination tasks. For the latter, GBA also increased in the left hemisphere. We conclude that oculomotor plasticity involves GBA modulation within an extended neural network which persists after SA, suggesting a possible role of gamma oscillations in the coupling between SA and attention.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1047-3211
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 September 2018
Date of Acceptance: 31 August 2018
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 16:50

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