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Parallel control of mechanosensory hair cell orientation by the PCP and Wnt pathways

Navajas Acedo, Joaquin, Voas, Matthew G., Alexander, Richard, Woolley, Thomas, Unruh, Jay R., Li, Hua, Moens, Cecilia and Piotrowski, Tatjana 2019. Parallel control of mechanosensory hair cell orientation by the PCP and Wnt pathways. Nature Communications 10 , 3993. 10.1038/s41467-019-12005-y

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Cell polarity plays a crucial role during development of vertebrates and invertebrates. Planar Cell Polarity (PCP) is defined as the coordinated polarity of cells within a tissue axis and is essential for processes such as gastrulation, neural tube closure or hearing. Wnt ligands can be instructive or permissive during PCP-dependent processes, and Wnt pathway mutants are often classified as PCP mutants due to the complexity and the similarities between their phenotypes. Our studies of the zebrafish sensory lateral line reveal that disruptions of the PCP and Wnt pathways have differential effects on hair cell orientations. While mutations in PCP genes cause random orientations of hair cells, mutations in Wnt pathway members induce hair cells to adopt a concentric pattern. We show that PCP signaling is normal in hair cells of Wnt pathway mutants and that the concentric hair cell phenotype is due to altered organization of the surrounding support cells. Thus, the PCP and Wnt pathways work in parallel, as separate pathways to establish proper hair cell orientation. Our data suggest that coordinated support cell organization is established during the formation of lateral line primordia, much earlier than the appearance of hair cells. Together, these finding reveal that hair cell orientation defects are not solely explained by defects in PCP signaling and that some hair cell phenotypes warrant reevaluation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Publisher: Nature Research
ISSN: 2041-1723
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 5 August 2019
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2021 06:56

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