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Beyond wildlife crime: Realist social relations crime scripts of the illegal taking of deer

Goodall, Orlando 2019. Beyond wildlife crime: Realist social relations crime scripts of the illegal taking of deer. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Abstract

This thesis explains the organisational characteristics of the illegal taking of deer and the illicit processing of venison in the rural West Country. The thesis conceptualises these offences as mundane fauna crimes that are internally related to grey game enterprise. It argues that these original terms supersede the categories of the wildlife crime of poaching and offer an enhanced analytical precision to the problem. The thesis is a revelatory case study, with no existing literature on the case in the British context. Critical realism is used to explain the interactions of a diversity of necessary relations and the contingent conditions which enable or constrain those diverse determinations. Determinations which unify to generate the tendency of grey game enterprise crimes. The abstract entities of agency and structure are brought into the concrete using the realist social relations crime script. This innovative framework obviates neither the proximal settings, nor the distal contexts of offending and therefore advances upon rational choice models of crime script. Models which this thesis argues are static, mono-causal and deterministic. The thesis contributes to green, rural and food criminology, while offering the novel paradigm of mundane fauna crime for future research. The thesis is important due to the severe public health implications should contaminated meats enter food supply chains and due to the detriment that illegal taking is doing to local gene pools of once thriving deer in the secluded South West. The thesis offers multiple sites for practitioner intervention into the crime script, including political economic and socio-cultural, as well as the situational. It also offers an innovative, accurate and robust conceptual toolkit for future research in the emergent field of mundane fauna and grey game enterprise crime.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Funders: ESRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 September 2019
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2020 02:12
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/125648

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