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Solutions for transients in arbitrarily branching cables

Major, Guy, Evans, Jonathan D. and Jack, J. Julian B. 1993. Solutions for transients in arbitrarily branching cables. Biophysical Journal 65 (1) , pp. 450-468. 10.1016/S0006-3495(93)81038-5

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Abstract

Analytical solutions are derived for arbitrarily branching passive neurone models with a soma and somatic shunt, for synaptic inputs and somatic voltage commands, for both perfect and imperfect somatic voltage clamp. The solutions are infinite exponential series. Perfect clamp decouples different dendritic trees at the soma: each exponential component exists only in one tree; its time constant is independent of stimulating and recording position within the tree; its amplitude is the product of a factor constant over that entire tree and factors dependent on stimulating and recording positions. Imperfect clamp to zero is mathematically equivalent to voltage recording with a shunt. As the series resistance increases, different dendritic trees become more strongly coupled. A number of interesting response symmetries are evident. The solutions reveal parameter dependencies, including an insensitivity of the early parts of the responses to specific membrane resistivity and somatic shunt, and an approximately linear dependence of the slower time constants on series resistance, for small series resistances. The solutions are illustrated using a “cartoon” representation of a CA1 pyramidal cell and a two-cylinder + soma model.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Biophysical Society
ISSN: 0006-3495
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2020 12:00
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/127006

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