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Overcoming fragmentation in cyber diplomacy: the promise of cyber capacity building

Calderaro, Andrea 2020. Overcoming fragmentation in cyber diplomacy: the promise of cyber capacity building. [Online]. ISPI. Available at:

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The Internet is a decentralised structure whose functioning depends on a series of complementary technical protocols, laws, and international regulations. As a result of this, its well-functioning entails negotiations among a variety of stakeholders, including those responsible for developing digital markets, policies, legal frameworks and technical standards. It is this shared responsibility among industry, citizens and governments that translates into what is called the multistakeholder approach – a model that enables relevant stakeholders to jointly engage in negotiations concerning principles, rules, norms and technical standards. This approach has characterized the global governance of the Internet since its early stages in the 1990s when the main challenge was the identification of a management solution for the Internet domain name system (DNS), in accordance with economic and policy priorities of governments and industry. In order to move the debate beyond the technical dimension of the Internet, the World Summit of Information Society (WSIS) was the first forum promoted by the United Nations in 2003 to launch international cooperation to establish a sustainable transnational governance model for the Internet, involving civil society, in addition to industry and governments. Of particular relevance, one of the key outcomes of the WSIS was the formalisation of multistakeholder inclusivity as a defining feature of the next two decades of Internet governance.

Item Type: Website Content
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Department of Politics and International Relations (POLIR)
Publisher: ISPI
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2021 07:31

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