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Broadband, millimeter-wave antireflection coatings for large-format, cryogenic aluminum oxide optics

Nadolski, A., Vieira, J. D., Sobrin, J. A., Kofman, A. M., Ade, P. A. R., Ahmed, Z., Anderson, A. J., Avva, J. S., Basu Thakur, R., Bender, A. N., Benson, B. A., Bryant, L., Carlstrom, J. E., Carter, F. W., Cecil, T. W., Chang, C. L., Cheshire, J. R., Chesmore, G. E., Cliche, J. F., Cukierman, A., de Haan, T., Dierickx, M., Ding, J., Dutcher, D., Everett, W., Farwick, J., Ferguson, K. R., Florez, L., Foster, A., Fu, J., Gallicchio, J., Gambrel, A. E., Gardner, R. W., Groh, J. C., Guns, S., Guyser, R., Halverson, N. W., Harke-Hosemann, A. H., Harrington, N. L., Harris, R. J., Henning, J. W., Holzapfel, W. L., Howe, D., Huang, N., Irwin, K. D., Jeong, O., Jonas, M., Jones, A., Korman, M., Kovac, J., Kubik, D. L., Kuhlmann, S., Kuo, C.-L., Lee, A. T., Lowitz, A. E., McMahon, J., Meier, J., Meyer, S. S., Michalik, D., Montgomery, J., Natoli, T., Nguyen, H., Noble, G. I., Novosad, V., Padin, S., Pan, Z., Paschos, P., Pearson, J., Posada, C. M., Quan, W., Rahlin, A., Riebel, D., Ruhl, J. E., Sayre, J. T., Shirokoff, E., Smecher, G., Stark, A. A., Stephen, J., Story, K. T., Suzuki, A., Tandoi, C., Thompson, K. L., Tucker, C., Vanderlinde, K., Wang, G., Whitehorn, N., Yefremenko, V., Yoon, K. W. and Young, M. R. 2020. Broadband, millimeter-wave antireflection coatings for large-format, cryogenic aluminum oxide optics. Applied Optics 59 (10) , pp. 3285-3295. 10.1364/AO.383921

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Abstract

We present two prescriptions for broadband (∼77−252GHz), millimeter-wave antireflection coatings for cryogenic, sintered polycrystalline aluminum oxide optics: one for large-format (700 mm diameter) planar and plano–convex elements, the other for densely packed arrays of quasi-optical elements—in our case, 5 mm diameter half-spheres (called “lenslets”). The coatings comprise three layers of commercially available, polytetrafluoroethylene-based, dielectric sheet material. The lenslet coating is molded to fit the 150 mm diameter arrays directly, while the large-diameter lenses are coated using a tiled approach. We review the fabrication processes for both prescriptions, then discuss laboratory measurements of their transmittance and reflectance. In addition, we present the inferred refractive indices and loss tangents for the coating materials and the aluminum oxide substrate. We find that at 150 GHz and 300 K the large-format coating sample achieves (97±2)% transmittance, and the lenslet coating sample achieves (94±3)% transmittance.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Optical Society of America
ISSN: 1559-128X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 April 2020
Date of Acceptance: 25 February 2020
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2021 02:05
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/131051

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