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Model and observation of dispatchable region for flexible distribution network

Xiao, Jun, Zu, Guoqiang, Wang, Ying, Zhang, Xinsong and Jiang, Xun 2020. Model and observation of dispatchable region for flexible distribution network. Applied Energy 261 , 114425. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114425

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Soft open points (SOPs), defined as the power electronic devices installed to replace normally open points in distribution network, can improve the flexibility of power control and thus further enhance the reliability and economy of power grids. Flexible distribution network (FDN) is a system-level concept to describe the distribution network equipped with multiple SOPs. Region method is to describe the secure range of the system operating in a geometric view. This paper adopts the region method to observe FDN for the first time. Firstly, the model of dispatchable region of FDN is proposed. The constraints of region space are formulated, considering SOPs, power flow, thermal capacity and voltage profile. Secondly, a simulation-based observation approach is also proposed to obtain the region projections on 2D and 3D sub-space. To illustrate the approach clearly, 2 small cases are given preceding a 7-feeders IEEE RBTS case. The region projections of case grids are observed and their topological characteristics are compared with those of traditional distribution network (TDN). The results indicate that FDN has advantages over traditional distribution network in operation security. For example, the region projections of FDN on 2-dimensional sub-space are about 2–4 times larger than those of TDN with the same network topology. The dispatchable region can be further developed into a useful tool for the secure and high-efficient operation of FDN in the future.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0306-2619
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 April 2020
Date of Acceptance: 18 December 2019
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2021 14:40

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