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Recovery of rapid water mass changes (RWMC) by Kalman filtering of GRACE observations

Ramillien, Guillaume, Seoane, Lucía, Schumacher, Maike, Forootan, Ehsan, Frappart, Frédéric and Darrozes, José 2020. Recovery of rapid water mass changes (RWMC) by Kalman filtering of GRACE observations. Remote Sensing 12 (8) , 1299. 10.3390/rs12081299

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We demonstrate a new approach to recover water mass changes from GRACE satellite data at a daily temporal resolution. Such a product can be beneficial in monitoring extreme weather events that last a few days and are missing by conventional monthly GRACE data. The determination of the distribution of these water mass sources over networks of juxtaposed triangular tiles was made using Kalman Filtering (KF) of daily GRACE geopotential difference observations that were reduced for isolating the continental hydrology contribution of the measured gravity field. Geopotential differences were obtained from the along-track K-Band Range Rate (KBRR) measurements according to the method of energy integral. The recovery approach was validated by inverting synthetic GRACE geopotential differences simulated using GLDAS/WGHM global hydrology model outputs. Series of daily regional and global KF solutions were estimated from real GRACE KBRR data for the period 2003–2012. They provide a realistic description of hydrological fluxes at monthly time scales, which are consistent with classical spherical harmonics and mascons solutions provided by the GRACE official centers but also give an intra-month/daily continuity of these variations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2072-4292
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 15 May 2020
Date of Acceptance: 17 April 2020
Last Modified: 19 May 2020 09:45

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