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Observational study investigating tooth extraction and the shortened dental arch approach

Olley, R. C., Renton, T. and Frost, P. M. 2017. Observational study investigating tooth extraction and the shortened dental arch approach. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 44 (8) , pp. 610-616. 10.1111/joor.12523

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The shortened dental arch (SDA ) provides a cost‐effective dentition, considering the population is ageing and retaining teeth for longer. The aims were to observe the reasons and sites of tooth extraction and assess the functional dentition over 15 years in dental practice. Subjects were recruited who required permanent tooth extractions between 2000 and 2015. The reasons for extractions were chosen from twelve extraction codes. Data were also collected for demographics, tooth position, root treated teeth and functional pairs remaining. Patient‐centred factors on reasons for tooth extraction and comments on chewing ability and aesthetics following extractions were recorded. Nine hundred and fifty‐one teeth were extracted in 900 patients. The mean age was 60 years (SD 20, SE 7, 95% CI 46, 74). Reasons for extraction were periodontal disease (n = 361, 38%), periapical infection (n = 288, 34%) or tooth and tooth‐root fractures (15%). Extractions included 201 (21%) second molars, 179 (19%) first molars, 152 (16%) second premolars, 95 (10%) first incisors, 86 (9%) second incisors, 76 (8%) canines and 67 (7%) first premolars. Following extractions, median functional pairs were 12, interquartile range (IQR ) 19–7. Individuals with ≥10 functional pairs including anterior teeth (60%, n = 571) had no complaints with chewing ability or aesthetics. They did not require additional prostheses. Periodontal disease and periapical infection were the main causes for the extraction. First and second molars followed by second premolars were the most commonly extracted teeth. This study supports the SDA in creating a cost effective, functional dentition in an aging population, provided remaining teeth and restorations are preserved/maintained, oral health is promoted, and anterior aesthetic tooth replacement is ensured.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0305-182X
Date of Acceptance: 15 May 2017
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2021 09:15

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