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Impact of surgery on older patients hospitalized with an acute abdomen: findings from the Older Persons Surgical Outcome Collaborative

Tray, Hui Sian, Wood, Adrian D., Carter, Ben, Pearce, Lyndsay, McCarthy, Kathrlyn, Stechman, Michael J., Myint, Phyo K. and Hewitt, Jonathan 2020. Impact of surgery on older patients hospitalized with an acute abdomen: findings from the Older Persons Surgical Outcome Collaborative. Frontiers in Surgery 7 , 583653. 10.3389/fsurg.2020.583653

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Background: The impact of surgical operation on older people presenting as general surgical patients compared to non-surgical management is less well researched.Methods: We examined the association between management and adverse outcomes in a cohort of emergency general surgery patients aged>65 years. This multi-center study included 727 patients (mean+/-SD, 77.1±8.2 years, 54% female) admitted to five UK hospitals. Data were analyzed using multi-level crude and multivariable logistic regression. Outcomes included: mortality at Day 30 and 90, length of stay, and readmission within 30 days of discharge. Covariates assessed were management approach, age, sex, frailty, polypharmacy, anemia, and hypoalbuminemia.Results: Approximately 25% of participants (n=185) underwent emergency surgery. Frailty and albumin were associated with mortality at 30 (frailty OR=3.52 [95%CI 1.66-7.49], albumin OR=3.78 ([95%CI 1.53-9.31]), and 90 days post discharge (frailty OR=3.20 [95%CI 1.86-5.51], albumin OR=3.25 [95%CI 1.70-6.19]) and readmission (frailty OR=1.56 [[95%CI (1.04-2.35)]. Surgically managed patients and frailty had increased odds of prolonged hospitalization (surgery OR=5.69 [95%CI 3.67-8.80], frailty OR=2.17 [95%CI 1.46-3.23]).Conclusion: We found the impact of surgery on length of hospitalisation in older surgical patients is substantial. Whether early comprehensive geriatric assessment and post-op rehabilitation would improve this outcome require further evaluation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 2296-875X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 25 September 2020
Date of Acceptance: 22 September 2020
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 15:20

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