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Neoarchean eastern goldfields of Western Australia

Tripp, Gerard, Tosdal, Richard M., Blenkinsop, Thomas, Rogers, Jamie R. and Halley, Scott 2020. Neoarchean eastern goldfields of Western Australia. Economic Geology
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Abstract

Neoarchean greenstone-hosted gold deposits in the Eastern Goldfields Superterrane of the Yilgarn Craton of Western Australia are diverse in style, timing with respect to magmatic activity, structural environment, host rocks, and geochemical character. Geologic constraints for the range of gold deposits indicate deposit formation synchronous with volcanism, synchronous with syn- and post-volcanic intrusion, synchronous with post-volcanic deformation in faults and shear zones, or some combination of superposed events over time. The gold deposits are distributed in linear clusters along belt-parallel fault zones internal to greenstone belts but show no association with major terrane boundary faults. World class gold districts are associated with the thickest, internal parts of the greenstone belts identified by stratigraphic preservation and low metamorphic grades. Ore-proximal faults in those regions are more commonly associated with syn- and post-volcanic structures related to greenstone construction and deformation rather than major terrane amalgamation. Using the Kalgoorlie district as a template, the gold deposits show a predictable regional association with thicker greenstone rocks overlain unconformably by coarse clastic rock sequences in the uppermost units of the greenstone stratigraphy. At a camp scale, major gold deposits show a spatial association with unconformable epiclastic and volcaniclastic rocks located above an unconformity internal to the Black Flag Group. Distinct episodes of gold deposition in coincident locations suggests fundamental crustal structural controls provided by the fault architecture. Late penetrative deformation and metamorphism overprinted the greenstone rocks and the older components of many gold deposits and were accompanied by major gold deposition in late quartz - carbonate veins localized in crustal shear zones or their higher order fault splays.

Item Type: Article
Status: In Press
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: Society of Economic Geologists
ISSN: 0361-0128
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 October 2020
Date of Acceptance: 22 July 2020
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 19:20
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/135275

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