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Nanoscale characterization of plasma functionalized graphitic flakes using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

Kumar, Naresh, Marchesini, Sofia, Howe, Thomas, Edwards, Lee, Brennan, Barry and Pollard, Andrew J. 2020. Nanoscale characterization of plasma functionalized graphitic flakes using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Chemical Physics 153 (18) , 184708. 10.1063/5.0024370

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Abstract

The chemical functionalization of graphene nanomaterials allows for the enhancement of their properties for novel functional applications. However, a better understanding of the functionalization process by determining the amount and location of functional groups within individual graphene nanoplatelets remains challenging. In this work, we demonstrate the capability of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) to investigate the degree and spatial variability of the appearance of disorder in graphitic nanomaterials on the nanoscale with three different levels of nitrogen functionalization. TERS results are in excellent agreement with those of confocal Raman spectroscopy and chemical analysis, determined using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry, of the functionalized materials. This work paves the way for a better understanding of the functionalization of graphene and graphitic nanomaterials at the nano-scale, micro-scale, and macro-scale and the relationship between the techniques and how they relate to the changes in material properties of industrial importance.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
ISSN: 0021-9606
Funders: Innovate UK
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 December 2020
Date of Acceptance: 29 December 2020
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2020 17:05
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/136752

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