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Tailoring topological edge states with photonic crystal nanobeam cavities

Gong, Yongkang, Guo, Liang, Wong, Stephan, Bennett, Anthony J. and Oh, Sang Soon 2021. Tailoring topological edge states with photonic crystal nanobeam cavities. Scientific Reports 11 , 1055. 10.1038/s41598-020-79915-6

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Abstract

The realization of topological edge states (TESs) in photonic systems has provided unprecedented opportunities for manipulating light in novel manners. The Su–Schrieffer–Heeger (SSH) model has recently gained significant attention and has been exploited in a wide range of photonic platforms to create TESs. We develop a photonic topological insulator strategy based on SSH photonic crystal nanobeam cavities. In contrast to the conventional photonic SSH schemes which are based on alternately tuned coupling strength in one-dimensional lattice, our proposal provides higher flexibility and allows tailoring TESs by manipulating mode coupling in a two-dimensional manner. We reveal that the proposed hole-array based nanobeams in a dielectric membrane can selectively tailor single or double TESs in the telecommunication region by controlling the coupling strength of the adjacent SSH nanobeams in both transverse and axial directions. Our finding provides an additional degree of freedom in exploiting the SSH model for integrated topological photonic devices and functionalities based on the well-established photonic crystal nanobeam cavity platforms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Engineering
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 December 2020
Date of Acceptance: 9 December 2020
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2021 09:23
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/136926

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