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Establishing the safety of waterbirth for mothers and babies: a cohort study with nested qualitative component: The protocol for the POOL study.

Milton, Rebecca, Sanders, Julia, Barlow, Christian, Brocklehurst, Peter, Cannings-John, Rebecca, Channon, Susan, Gale, Christopher, Holmes, Abigail, Hunter, Billie, Paranjothy, Shantini, Lugg-Widger, Fiona, Milosevic, Sarah, Morantz, Leah, Plachcinski, Rachel, Nolan, Mary and Robling, Michael 2021. Establishing the safety of waterbirth for mothers and babies: a cohort study with nested qualitative component: The protocol for the POOL study. BMJ Open 11 (1) , e040684. 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040684

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Abstract

Introduction: Approximately 60,000 (9/100) infants are born into water annually in the UK and this is likely to increase. Case reports identified infants with water inhalation or sepsis following birth in water and there is a concern that women giving birth in water may sustain more complex perineal trauma. There have not been studies large enough to show whether waterbirth increases these poor outcomes. The POOL Study [ISRCTN 13315580] plans to answer the question about the safety of waterbirths among women who are classified appropriate for midwifery-led intrapartum care. Methods and Analysis: A cohort study with a nested qualitative component. Objectives will be answered; using retrospective and prospective data captured in electronic NHS maternity and neonatal systems. The qualitative component aims to explore factors influencing pool-use and waterbirth; data will be gathered via discussion groups, interviews and case studies of maternity units. Ethics and Disseminations: The protocol has been approved by NHS Wales Research Ethics Committee (18/WA/0291) the transfer of identifiable data has been approved by Health Research Authority Confidentiality Advisory Group (18CAG0153). Study findings and innovative methodology will be disseminated through peer-reviewed journals, conferences and events. Results will be of interest to the general public, clinical and policy stakeholders in the UK and will be disseminated accordingly. Strengths and Limitations of the Study: • Using large retrospective and prospective datasets concomitantly provides six years’ data over a three-year study period. • Ability to look at all neonatal outcomes and treatments across the wide geographical range and number of units. • Using existing, routine data enhanced by prospective data to investigate the safety of waterbirth across a range of outcomes. • Data collected will only represent users of Wellbeing-Software’s EuroKing® maternity software system. • Allocation is not random, so unmeasured confounding is possible.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Uncontrolled Keywords: Keywords: Waterbirth, pool, birth, water immersion analgesia, neonate, maternal, routine data.
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 2044-6055
Funders: NIHR / HTA
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 17 December 2020
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2021 09:50
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/137106

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