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Viral vector malaria vaccines induce high-level T cell and antibody responses in West African children and infants

Bliss, Carly M., Drammeh, Abdoulie, Bowyer, Georgina, Sanou, Guillaume S., Jagne, Ya Jankey, Ouedraogo, Oumarou, Edwards, Nick J., Tarama, Casimir, Ouedraogo, Nicolas, Ouedraogo, Mireille, Njie-Jobe, Jainaba, Diarra, Amidou, Afolabi, Muhammed O., Tiono, Alfred B., Yaro, Jean Baptiste, Adetifa, Uche J., Hodgson, Susanne H., Anagnostou, Nicholas A., Roberts, Rachel, Duncan, Christopher J.A., Cortese, Riccardo, Viebig, Nicola K., Leroy, Odile, Lawrie, Alison M., Flanagan, Katie L., Kampmann, Beate, Imoukhuede, Egeruan B., Sirima, Sodiomon B., Bojang, Kalifa, Hill, Adrian V.S., Nébié, Issa and Ewer, Katie J. 2017. Viral vector malaria vaccines induce high-level T cell and antibody responses in West African children and infants. Molecular Therapy 25 (2) , pp. 547-559. 10.1016/j.ymthe.2016.11.003

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Abstract

Heterologous prime-boosting with viral vectors encoding the pre-erythrocytic antigen thrombospondin-related adhesion protein fused to a multiple epitope string (ME-TRAP) induces CD8+ T cell-mediated immunity to malaria sporozoite challenge in European malaria-naive and Kenyan semi-immune adults. This approach has yet to be evaluated in children and infants. We assessed this vaccine strategy among 138 Gambian and Burkinabe children in four cohorts: 2- to 6-year olds in The Gambia, 5- to 17-month-olds in Burkina Faso, and 5- to 12-month-olds and 10-week-olds in The Gambia. We assessed induction of cellular immunity, taking into account the distinctive hematological status of young infants, and characterized the antibody response to vaccination. T cell responses peaked 7 days after boosting with modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA), with highest responses in infants aged 10 weeks at priming. Incorporating lymphocyte count into the calculation of T cell responses facilitated a more physiologically relevant comparison of cellular immunity across different age groups. Both CD8+ and CD4+ T cells secreted cytokines. Induced antibodies were up to 20-fold higher in all groups compared with Gambian and United Kingdom (UK) adults, with comparable or higher avidity. This immunization regimen elicited strong immune responses, particularly in young infants, supporting future evaluation of efficacy in this key target age group for a malaria vaccine.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Publisher: Elsevier (Cell Press)
ISSN: 1525-0016
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 15 November 2016
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2021 16:30
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/137195

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