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Analysis of EEG–fMRI data in focal epilepsy based on automated spike classification and Signal Space Projection

Liston, Adam D., De Munck, Jan C., Hamandi, Khalid, Laufs, Helmut, Ossenblok, Pauly, Duncan, John S. and Lemieux, Louis 2006. Analysis of EEG–fMRI data in focal epilepsy based on automated spike classification and Signal Space Projection. NeuroImage 31 (3) , pp. 1015-1024. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.01.040

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Simultaneous acquisition of EEG and fMRI data enables the investigation of the hemodynamic correlates of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) during the resting state in patients with epilepsy. This paper addresses two issues: (1) the semi-automation of IED classification in statistical modelling for fMRI analysis and (2) the improvement of IED detection to increase experimental fMRI efficiency. For patients with multiple IED generators, sensitivity to IED-correlated BOLD signal changes can be improved when the fMRI analysis model distinguishes between IEDs of differing morphology and field. In an attempt to reduce the subjectivity of visual IED classification, we implemented a semi-automated system, based on the spatio-temporal clustering of EEG events. We illustrate the technique's usefulness using EEG–fMRI data from a subject with focal epilepsy in whom 202 IEDs were visually identified and then clustered semi-automatically into four clusters. Each cluster of IEDs was modelled separately for the purpose of fMRI analysis. This revealed IED-correlated BOLD activations in distinct regions corresponding to three different IED categories. In a second step, Signal Space Projection (SSP) was used to project the scalp EEG onto the dipoles corresponding to each IED cluster. This resulted in 123 previously unrecognised IEDs, the inclusion of which, in the General Linear Model (GLM), increased the experimental efficiency as reflected by significant BOLD activations. We have also shown that the detection of extra IEDs is robust in the face of fluctuations in the set of visually detected IEDs. We conclude that automated IED classification can result in more objective fMRI models of IEDs and significantly increased sensitivity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Date of Acceptance: 29 January 2006
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2021 15:59

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