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Modeling non-isothermal transport behavior of real gas in deformable coal matrix

Chen, Min, Masum, Shakil and Thomas, Hywel 2021. Modeling non-isothermal transport behavior of real gas in deformable coal matrix. Energy and Fuels 35 (2) , pp. 1605-1619. 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.0c03728

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Abstract

This work presents a coupled thermo-hydraulic–mechanical (THM) model to study real gas flow behavior in a deformable coal matrix. The matrix encompasses multiple pore sizes ranging from nanometers to micrometers, and promotes various complex, inter-related mass transport mechanisms. In this model, the adsorbed gas layer at the interface between the solid matrix and the free gas phase is considered as an independent phase. Gas adsorption/desorption and diffusion process are defined separately for individual phase, which are then interacted via mass exchange between the phases. The Knudsen number based flow regimes are adopted to describe bulk gas transport in the matrix of varying pore sizes, and the adsorbed phase transport is described by surface diffusion mechanisms. The thermal effect on gas adsorption and transport behavior is investigated. In addition, the mechanical behavior is included to consider the stress dependency of the porosity and intrinsic permeability of porous rocks. The validity of the proposed model is achieved by comparing numerical solutions with published experimental data. Numerical simulations were performed to investigate the real gas transport processes in a coal matrix of multiple pore sizes. The simulated results show that the times to reach pressure equilibrium and adsorption equilibrium are not the same, and they depend on the pore size, pressure, and surface diffusion. The time required to reach equilibrium is reduced significantly with an increase of pore sizes. Diffusion coefficients in the porous matrix are not constant but vary with pressure and pore sizes, which is important for accurate estimation of coalbed gas production or carbon sequestration.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0887-0624
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2021 13:12
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/137329

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