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Pickering interfacial catalysts for solvent-free biomass transformation: physicochemical behavior of non-aqueous emulsions

Fan, Zhaoyu, Tay, Astrid, Pera-Titus, Marc, Zhou, Wen-Juan, Benhabbari, Samy, Feng, Xiaoshuang, Malcouronne, Guillaume, Bonneviot, Laurent, De Campo, Floryan, Wang, Limin and Clacens, Jean-Marc 2014. Pickering interfacial catalysts for solvent-free biomass transformation: physicochemical behavior of non-aqueous emulsions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 427 , pp. 80-90. 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.11.047

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Abstract

A key challenge in biomass conversion is how to achieve valuable molecules with optimal reactivity in the presence of immiscible reactants. This issue is usually tackled using either organic solvents or surfactants to promote emulsification, making industrial processes expensive and not environmentally friendly. As an alternative, Pickering emulsions using solid particles with tailored designed surface properties can promote phase contact within intrinsically biphasic systems. Here we show that amphiphilic silica nanoparticles bearing a proper combination of alkyl and strong acidic surface groups can generate stable Pickering emulsions of the glycerol/dodecanol system in the temperature range of 35–130 °C. We also show that such particles can perform as Pickering Interfacial Catalysts for the acid-catalyzed etherification of glycerol with dodecanol at 150 °C. Our findings shed light on some key parameters governing emulsion stability and catalytic activity of Pickering interfacial catalytic systems. This understanding is critical to pave the way toward technological solutions for biomass upgrading able to promote eco-efficient reactions between immiscible organic reagents with neither use of solvents nor surfactants.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0021-9797
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2021 16:15
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/137428

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