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Surface hydrophobics mediate functional dimerization of CYP121A1 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Kumar, Amit, Campomizzi, Christopher S., Jay, Natalie, Ferguson, Shaun, Scheffler, Emelie-Jo, Lioi, James, Tu, Chengjian, Qu, Jun, Simons, Claire and Estrada, D. Fernando 2021. Surface hydrophobics mediate functional dimerization of CYP121A1 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Scientific Reports 11 (1) , 394. 10.1038/s41598-020-79545-y

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Tuberculosis is caused by the pathogenic bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and remains the leading cause of death by infection world-wide. The Mtb genome encodes a disproportionate number of twenty cytochrome P450 enzymes, of which the essential enzyme cytochrome P450 121A1 (CYP121A1) remains a target of drug design efforts. CYP121A1 mediates a phenol coupling reaction of the tyrosine dipeptide cyclo-L-Tyr-L-Tyr (cYY). In this work, a structure and function investigation of dimerization was performed as an overlooked feature of CYP121A1 function. This investigation showed that CYP121A1 dimers form via intermolecular contacts on the distal surface and are mediated by a network of solvent-exposed hydrophobic residues. Disruption of CYP121A1 dimers by site-directed mutagenesis leads to a partial loss of specificity for cYY, resulting in an approximate 75% decrease in catalysis. 19F labeling and nuclear magnetic resonance of the enzyme FG-loop was also combined with protein docking to develop a working model of a functional CYP121A1 dimer. The results obtained suggest that participation of a homodimer interface in substrate selectivity represents a novel paradigm of substrate binding in CYPs, while also providing important mechanistic insight regarding a relevant drug target in the development of novel anti-tuberculosis agents.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 9 December 2020
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2021 13:45

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