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OXA-181-like carbapenemases in Klebsiella pneumoniae ST14, ST15, ST23, ST48, and ST231 from septicemic neonates: coexistence with NDM-5, resistome, transmissibility, and genome diversity

Naha, Sharmi, Sands, Kirsty, Mukherjee, Subhankar, Saha, Bijan, Dutta, Shanta, Basu, Sulagna and Bradford, Patricia A. 2021. OXA-181-like carbapenemases in Klebsiella pneumoniae ST14, ST15, ST23, ST48, and ST231 from septicemic neonates: coexistence with NDM-5, resistome, transmissibility, and genome diversity. mSphere 6 (1) , e01156-20. 10.1128/mSphere.01156-20

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Abstract

Studies on the epidemiology and genomes of isolates harboring OXA-48-like genes in septicemic neonates are rare. Here, isolates producing these carbapenemases which emerged and persisted in an Indian neonatal unit were characterized in terms of their resistome, transmissibility, and genome diversity. Antibiotic susceptibility and whole-genome sequencing were carried out. The sequence types, resistome, virulome, mobile genetic elements, and transmissibility of carbapenem-resistant plasmids were evaluated. Core genome analysis of isolates was shown in a global context with other OXA-48-like carbapenemase-harboring genomes, including those from neonatal studies. Eleven OXA-48-like carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (blaOXA-181, n = 7 and blaOXA-232, n = 4) isolates belonging to diverse sequence types (ST14, ST15, ST23, ST48, and ST231) were identified. blaOXA-181/OXA-232 and blaNDM-5 were found in a high-risk clone, ST14 (n = 4). blaOXA-181/OXA-232 were in small, nonconjugative ColKP3 plasmids located on truncated Tn2013, whereas blaNDM-5 was in self-transmissible, conjugative IncFII plasmids, within truncated Tn125. Conjugal transfer of blaOXA-181/OXA-232 was observed in the presence of blaNDM-5. The study strains were diverse among themselves and showed various levels of relatedness with non-neonatal strains from different parts of the world and similarity with neonatal strains from Tanzania and Ghana when compared with a representative collection of carbapenemase-positive K. pneumoniae strains. We found that blaOXA-181/OXA-232-harboring isolates from a single neonatal unit had remarkably diverse genomes, ruling out clonal spread and emphasizing the extent of plasmid spreading across different STs. This study is probably the first to report the coexistence of blaOXA-181/232 and blaNDM-5 in neonatal isolates.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology: Open Access Journals / American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 2379-5042
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 1 December 2020
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 13:00
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/137835

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