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Factors influencing the prescribing behaviour of independent prescriber optometrists: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains framework

Spillane, Daniel, Courtenay, Molly, Chater, Angel, Family, Hannah, Whitaker, Angela and Acton, Jennifer 2021. Factors influencing the prescribing behaviour of independent prescriber optometrists: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains framework. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics 41 (2) , pp. 301-315. 10.1111/opo.12782

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Abstract

Purpose Whilst the number of independent prescriber (IP) optometrists in the United Kingdom is increasing, there is limited evidence describing the experiences of these individuals. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) provides an evidence‐based approach to understand determinants of behaviour. This conceptual framework can enable mapping to the COM‐B behaviour change model and the wider Behaviour Change Wheel to develop interventions to optimise behaviour‐change and healthcare processes more systematically. The study aimed to use the TDF to identify the factors that influence independent prescribing behaviour, and to map these findings to the COM‐B system to elucidate the relevant intervention functions, in order to identify the support required by optometrist prescribers. Methods Using a qualitative design, semi‐structured interviews based on the TDF were undertaken with independent prescriber optometrists. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes inductively, which were then deductively mapped to the TDF and linked to the COM‐B. Results Sixteen participants (9 male, 7 female; median age 45 years, range 28–65 years), based in community (n = 10) and hospital (n = 6) settings, were interviewed. Eleven of the TDF domains were found to influence prescribing behaviour. Findings highlighted the need for good communication with patients (TDF domain: Skills, COM‐B: Capability); confidence (TDF domain: Beliefs about capabilities, COM‐B: Motivation); good networks and relationships with other healthcare professionals, e.g., general practitioners (TDF domain: Social influences, COM‐B: Opportunity; TDF domain: Social/professional role and identity, COM‐B: Motivation); the need for appropriate structure for remuneration (TDF domain: Reinforcement, COM‐B: Motivation; TDF domain: Social/professional role and identity, COM‐B: Motivation) and the provision of professional guidelines (TDF domain: Knowledge, COM‐B: Capability; TDF domain: Environmental context and resources, COM‐B Opportunity). Conclusions Having identified theory‐derived influencers on prescribing decisions by optometrists, the findings can be used to develop a structured intervention, such as a support package to help optimise prescribing by optometrists, with the ultimate goal of eye care quality improvement.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Healthcare Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0275-5408
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 February 2021
Date of Acceptance: 1 January 2021
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021 12:56
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/138284

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