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Senior clinical and business managers' perspectives on the influence of different funding mechanisms, and barriers and enablers to implementing models of employing General Practitioners in or alongside emergency departments: qualitative study

Choudhry, Mazhar, Edwards, Michelle, Cooper, Alison, Anderson, Pippa, Carson-Stevens, Andrew, Cooke, Matthew, Dale, Jeremy, Hibbert, Peter, Hughes, Thomas, Porter, Alison, Rainer, Timothy, Siriwardena, Aloysius Niroshan and Edwards, Adrian 2021. Senior clinical and business managers' perspectives on the influence of different funding mechanisms, and barriers and enablers to implementing models of employing General Practitioners in or alongside emergency departments: qualitative study. Health Policy 125 , pp. 482-488. 10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.11.016
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Abstract

Purpose Health policy in England has advocated the use of primary care clinicians at emergency departments to address pressures from rising attendances. This study explored senior managers’ perspective son funding mechanisms used to implement the policy and experiences of success or challenges in introducing GPs in or alongside emergency departments. Methods The perspectives of senior clinical, business and finance managers with responsibility for emergency department services and on-site primary care service implementation were investigated in semi-structured interviews with 31 managers at 12 type-1 emergency departments in England and Wales (February 2018 - September 2019). Emergency departments operated one of three GP models or had prior experience of implementing a GP model. Interviews were thematically analysed. Results Perceived successful GPs models in emergency departments were reliant on well-organised and unified funding mechanisms, appropriate staffing and governance, and consideration of population demands and needs. Funding mechanisms and the flow of funds were reported as complex, especially in Inside-parallel GP models. The most efficient mechanisms were described at departments where funding was unified, in collaboration with health and community care services. Staffing with local, experienced GPs was important. There were cautions from experiences with private locum providers. Conclusion Our findings contribute to debates about implementing policy on how primary care clinicians are effectively and safely deployed in emergency departments and how local context should be considered.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0168-8510
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 March 2021
Date of Acceptance: 27 November 2020
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2021 12:48
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/139615

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