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Early detection and early intervention in prison: improving outcomes and reducing prison returns

Evans, Clare, Forrester, Andrew, Jarrett, Manuela, Huddy, Vyv, Campbell, Catherine A., Byrne, Majella, Craig, Thomas and Valmaggia, Lucia 2016. Early detection and early intervention in prison: improving outcomes and reducing prison returns. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology 28 (1) , pp. 91-107. 10.1080/14789949.2016.1261174

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Our aim was to investigate whether early detection was feasible in prison and whether it could improve mental health outcomes in young prisoners. A secondary aim was to explore whether it can reduce returns to prison. Between 2011 and 2014, a total of 2115 young prisoners were screened, 94 (4.4%) met criteria for ultra-high risk for psychosis and were offered an intervention, 52 actually received it. Return to prison data were sought on the 52 participants, receiving a formal intervention. Of the 52 prisoners who received an intervention, 30.8% returned to custody compared to national average reconviction rates of between 45.4 and 66.5%. Our results suggest that early detection is a feasible option in a prison setting, improving mental health outcomes and reducing returns to prison. Mental health outcomes were recorded for a sub-sample of those receiving the intervention. The results indicated statistically significant improvements on measures of depression, anxiety and psychological distress.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
ISSN: 1478-9949
Date of Acceptance: 18 October 2016
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2021 23:46

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