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Prison and community populations at ultra-high risk of psychosis: differences and challenges for service provision

Jarrett, M., Jamieson-Craig, T. K., Forrester, A., McGuire, P., Badger, S., Fusar-Poli, P., Byrne, M., Williams, P. and Valmaggia, L. R. 2016. Prison and community populations at ultra-high risk of psychosis: differences and challenges for service provision. Psychiatric Services 67 (9) , pp. 990-995. 10.1176/appi.ps.201500355

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to explore the feasibility of expanding a community service for early detection of psychosis into a local London prison for men in the United Kingdom. Methods: All new receptions to a local prison for men in South London were approached for routine screening. Those who met criteria for being at ultra-high-risk of psychosis were compared with a help-seeking sample from the community who met the same criteria. Clinical and sociodemographic characteristics were compared to determine whether the prison and community populations had similar profiles and mental health needs. Results: Of 891 prisoners screened, 44 (5%) met criteria for being at ultra-high risk of psychosis. The community sample consisted of 42 participants. Compared with the community group, prison participants had lower scores on almost all symptom measures, were less likely to have remained in school and completed exams, and were more likely to be in short-term accommodations and to be of black race-ethnicity. Lifetime use of illicit drugs was similar between the groups, but recent use was much higher in the prison group. Conclusions: Expanding community services into custodial settings should take into account the different environment and needs of the prisoner population. Specifically, early detection and intervention services should target a broad range of mental health problems rather than psychosis alone.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: American Psychiatric Publishing
ISSN: 1075-2730
Date of Acceptance: 30 December 2015
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2021 15:15
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/139710

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