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Electricity demand with electric cars in 2030: comparing Great Britain and Spain

Papadopoulos, Panagiotis, Akizu, O., Cipcigan, Liana Mirela, Jenkins, Nicholas and Zabala, E. 2011. Electricity demand with electric cars in 2030: comparing Great Britain and Spain. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy 225 (5) , pp. 551-566. 10.1177/0957650911406343

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The effect of domestic charging of electric vehicles (EVs) on electricity demand at a national level was addressed. A study case was created to investigate how different charging regimes (i.e. control policies) and EV-uptake levels will affect the electricity demand of Great Britain (GB) and Spain in 2030. Charging rates, battery capacities, and battery and charger efficiencies were drawn from literature. Traffic patterns were acquired from the British Department for Transport and the Spanish Ministry of Public Works. Uncontrolled, dual tariff (time-based control), dynamic price (price-based control) domestic charging regimes were defined and applied to both power systems for different EV utilization levels. The results show that for low EV utilization, the GB system would be able to cope with the increased demand that EV domestic charging would create. The Spanish system would need additional generation to cover the EV charging needs. The anticipated high EV utilization would almost double peak the demand in both countries.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Uncontrolled Keywords: electric vehicles; electricity demand; 2030 scenario; charging regimes
Publisher: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
ISSN: 0957-6509
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2018 08:55

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