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Clinical features associated with the development of hydrocephalus following TBI in the paediatric age group

Ved, Ronak, Fraser, Rebecca, Hamadneh, Sarah, Zaben, Malik and Leach, Paul 2020. Clinical features associated with the development of hydrocephalus following TBI in the paediatric age group. Child's Nervous System 37 (2) , pp. 511-517. 10.1007/s00381-020-04764-7

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Abstract

IntroductionPredictive factors for post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) in adults have been elucidated but remain uncertain for children. We aimed to identify the prevalence of PTH in paediatric patients and identify clinical/radiological factors which may increase the probability of children developing PTH.MethodsThis was a retrospective study of all patients < 16 years old admitted to our unit with traumatic brain injury (TBI) between March 2013 and June 2018, 108 patients in total. Patients were classified as mild (13–15), moderate (9–12) or severe (3–8) TBI based on admission GCS. Three independent reviewers collected data from case notes. CT scans were reviewed for hydrocephalus using Evan’s index. Two-tailed Fisher’s exact tests with a p value < 0.05 were considered statistically significant.ResultsMedian patient age was 7 years, and 65% were males (n = 70). PTH wasn’t identified in any patients with mild/moderate TBI (n = 79). In cases of severe TBI (n = 29), three patients developed PTH requiring ventriculoperitoneal shunting (10%; p = 0.02). Radiological features which were significantly more common in the PTH group were intraventricular haemorrhage (p = 0.05) and subarachnoid haemorrhage (p = 0.03). There was also a trend towards a statistically significant association with subdural haematoma (p = 0.07). The need for other neurosurgical procedures, such as fracture elevation and craniotomy, did not increase the probability of developing with PTH (p = 0.08).DiscussionThe prevalence of PTH in our study is 2.7%. Factors which may be associated with a higher probability of developing PTH may include IVH, SAH, severity of TBI, and subdural haematoma. We propose a national prospective multicentre database of paediatric PTH. The data collected on prevalence, presentation, risk factors, and management could guide contemporary management and improve the outcomes of children with PTH.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0256-7040
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 May 2021
Date of Acceptance: 22 June 2020
Last Modified: 20 May 2021 14:15
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/141336

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