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Cost-effectiveness of home versus hospital management of children at onset of Type 1 Diabetes: The DECIDE randomised controlled trial

McCarroll, Zoe, Townson, Julia, Pickles, Timothy, Gregory, John W., Playle, Rebecca, Robling, Michael and Hughes, Dyfrig 2021. Cost-effectiveness of home versus hospital management of children at onset of Type 1 Diabetes: The DECIDE randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open 11 (5) , e043523. 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043523

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Abstract

Objective The aim of this economic evaluation was to assess whether home management could represent a cost-effective strategy in the patient pathway of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). This is based on the DECIDE trial (ISRCTN78114042), which compared home versus hospital management from diagnosis in childhood diabetes and found no statistically significant difference in glycaemic control at 24 months. Design Cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial. Setting Eight paediatric diabetes centres in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Participants 203 clinically well children aged under 17 years, with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes and their carers. Outcome measures The base case analysis adopted an NHS perspective. A scenario analysis assessed costs from a broader societal perspective. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) expressed as cost per mmol/mol reduction in HbA1c, was based on the mean difference in costs between the home and hospital groups, divided by mean differences in effectiveness (HbA1c). Uncertainty was considered in terms of the probability of cost-effectiveness. Results At 24 months post-intervention, the base case analysis showed a difference in costs between home and hospital, in favour of home management (mean difference -£2,217; 95% CI -£2,825 to -£1,609; p<0.001). Home care dominated, with an ICER of £7,434 (saved) per mmol/mol reduction of HbA1c. The results of the scenario analysis also favoured home management. The greatest driver of cost differences was hospitalisation during the initiation period. Conclusions Home management from diagnosis of children with T1D who are medically stable represents a less costly approach for the NHS in the UK, without impacting clinical effectiveness.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Additional Information: Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 2044-6055
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 May 2021
Date of Acceptance: 11 May 2021
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 12:41
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/141398

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