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Exploring ADHD symptoms and associated impairment across development

Niina, Ayako, Eyre, Olga, Wooton, Robyn, Stergiakouli, Evie, Thapar, Anita and Riglin, Lucy 2021. Exploring ADHD symptoms and associated impairment across development. Journal of Attention Disorders 10.1177/10870547211025612

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Objective ADHD symptoms typically decline with age, but less is known about whether the presentation of specific ADHD symptoms differs across development. This study aimed to examine the frequency and associated impairment of specific ADHD symptoms in childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. Method A prospective, longitudinal cohort, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, was utilized (N = 2,327). ADHD symptoms and impairment were assessed using the Development and Well Being Assessment at ages 7, 15, and 25. Results Specific ADHD symptom frequencies and their associated impairment varied across development for the majority of symptoms, although easily distracted was one of the most commonly reported symptoms at each age, and difficulty sustaining attention was consistently associated with high levels of impairment. Conclusion These findings suggest differences in the presentations of ADHD symptoms across development: current understanding of how ADHD presents in childhood/adolescence may not be generalizable to young adulthood.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 1087-0547
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 May 2021
Date of Acceptance: 16 May 2021
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2022 17:04

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