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Revisiting the tsunamigenic volcanic flank collapse of fogo island in the cape verdes, offshore West Africa

Barrett, Rachel, Lebas, Elodie, Ramalho, Ricardo, Klaucke, Ingo, Kutterolf, Steffen, Klügel, Andreas, Lindhorst, Katja, Gross, Felix and Krastel, Sebastian 2020. Revisiting the tsunamigenic volcanic flank collapse of fogo island in the cape verdes, offshore West Africa. Geological Society Special Publications 500 (1) , pp. 13-26. 10.1144/SP500-2019-187

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Volcanic archipelagos are a source of numerous on- and offshore geohazards, including explosive eruptions and potentially tsunamigenic large-scale flank collapses. Fogo Island in the southern Cape Verdes is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, making it both prone to collapse (as evidenced by the c. 73 ka Monte Amarelo volcanic flank collapse), and a source of widely distributed tephra and volcanic material. The offshore distribution of the Monte Amarelo debris avalanche deposits and the surrounding volcaniclastic apron were previously mapped using only medium-resolution bathymetric data. Here, using recently acquired, higher-resolution acoustic data, we revisit Fogo's flank collapse and find evidence suggesting that the deposition of hummocky volcanic debris originating from the failed eastern flank most likely triggered the contemporaneous, multi-phase failure of pre-existing seafloor sediments. Additionally, we identify, for the first time, multiple mass-transport deposits in the southern part of the volcaniclastic apron of Fogo and Santiago based on the presence of acoustically chaotic deposits in parametric echo sounder data and volcaniclastic turbiditic sands in recovered cores. These preliminary findings indicate a long and complex history of instability on the southern slopes of Fogo and suggest that Fogo may have experienced multiple flank collapses.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Publisher: Geological Society
ISSN: 0305-8719
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 June 2021
Date of Acceptance: 25 November 2019
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2021 14:00

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