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Experimental Investigation on effects of bluff-body size and axial air injection on blowoff limits in swirl burners

Hatem, Fares, Al-Fahham, Mohammed, Alsaegh, Ali Safa, Al-dulaimi, Zaid M. and Valera Medina, Agustin 2021. Experimental Investigation on effects of bluff-body size and axial air injection on blowoff limits in swirl burners. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology 16 (3) , pp. 2202-2214.

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Abstract

The stability limits of swirl combustors have been considered as a crucial factor for obtaining a wide stability operation map. The present global consideration is towards using low-carbon emission fuel in gas turbine production sector and, many other combustion systems. However, the demands of introducing lowcarbon emission fuels impose a considerable modification in the combustor hardware; consequently, the variation of burner stability operation map. Blowoff and flashback are two parameters that determined the margins of stability operation in swirl burners, when correlated with equivalence ratio and inlet tangential or bulk velocity. This study investigates the effect of hardware modification with different bluff-body sizes (external diameter) and flow-field manipulation like using axial air injection on blow-off limits in swirl combustors. The first part of this study has demonstrated that variation of bluff-body diameter alters the blowoff limits significantly. Small central injector (bluff-body) diameter displaces blowoff limits towards leaner equivalence ratios with (Φ= 4 to 4.2); which is favourable for low emission demands. However, the stability map became narrower regarding inlet tangential velocities with (w=2.7 to 4.2), consequently reducing output power. In contrast, bigger injector diameter leads to having blowoff limits occur at a wider range in term of inlet tangential velocity(w=2.5-4.5) which means high output power, despite slight displacement to the rich region, Φ= 0.5 at high tangential velocity. The second part of this work has proposed, a new technique that can replace hardware (bluff-body) by axial air-jets which can simulate the physical shape of bluff-body. Using axial air jets results in wider operation map, the inlet tangential velocity range is (w=2-8 m/s) compare with bluff-body case (w=2.5-4.5 m/s), hence increasing the burner output power while keeping its size. The position of air-jet opening inside burner plenum alter blowoff limits, baseline Lo=0 and Lo=150 extend the range of inlet tangential velocity at which the blowoff occurs, almost (2-8 m/s). While the other three positions revealed less range of inlet tangential velocities, as the affected by aerodynamic perturbations arise from the clash between axial jets and inlet tangential flow

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
ISSN: 1823-4690
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 July 2021
Date of Acceptance: 18 January 2021
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 09:45
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/142516

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