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The quality of research exploring in-session measures of CBT competence: a systematic review

Rayson, Kathryn, Waddington, Louise and Hare, Dougal Julian 2021. The quality of research exploring in-session measures of CBT competence: a systematic review. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 10.1017/S1352465821000242

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Abstract

Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is in high demand due to its strong evidence base and cost effectiveness. To ensure CBT is delivered as intended in research, training and practice, fidelity assessment is needed. Fidelity is commonly measured by assessors rating treatment sessions, using CBT competence scales (CCSs). Aims: The current review assessed the quality of the literature examining the measurement properties of CCSs and makes recommendations for future research, training and practice. Method: Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus and Web of Science databases were systematically searched to identify relevant peer-reviewed, English language studies from 1980 onwards. Relevant studies were those that were primarily examining the measurement properties of CCSs used to assess adult 1:1 CBT treatment sessions. The quality of studies was assessed using a novel tool created for this study, following which a narrative synthesis is presented. Results: Ten studies met inclusion criteria, most of which were assessed as being ‘fair’ methodological quality, primarily due to small sample sizes. Construct validity and responsiveness definitions were applied inconsistently in the studies, leading to confusion over what was being measured. Conclusions: Although CCSs are widely used, we need to pay careful attention to the quality of research exploring their measurement properties. Consistent definitions of measurement properties, consensus about adequate sample sizes and improved reporting of individual properties are required to ensure the quality of future research.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 1352-4658
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 August 2021
Date of Acceptance: 6 May 2021
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2021 15:05
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/142748

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