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Duration of untreated psychosis in first-episode psychosis is not associated with common genetic variants for major psychiatric conditions: results from the multi-center EU-GEI study

Ajnakina, Olesya, Rodriguez, Victoria, Quattrone, Diego, di Forti, Marta, Vassos, Evangelos, Arango, Celso, Berardi, Domenico, Bernardo, Miguel, Bobes, Julio, de Haan, Lieuwe, Del-Ben, Cristina Marta, Gayer-Anderson, Charlotte, Jongsma, Hannah E., Lasalvia, Antonio, Tosato, Sarah, Llorca, Pierre-Michel, Menezes, Paulo Rossi, Rutten, Bart P, Santos, Jose Luis, Sanjuán, Julio, Selten, Jean-Paul, Szöke, Andrei, Tarricone, Ilaria, D'Andrea, Giuseppe, Richards, Alexander, Tortelli, Andrea, Velthorst, Eva, Jones, Peter B., Arrojo Romero, Manuel, La Cascia, Caterina, Kirkbride, James B., van Os, Jim, O'Donovan, Mick and Murray, Robin M. 2021. Duration of untreated psychosis in first-episode psychosis is not associated with common genetic variants for major psychiatric conditions: results from the multi-center EU-GEI study. Schizophrenia Bulletin 10.1093/schbul/sbab055

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Abstract

Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is associated with clinical outcomes in people with a diagnosis of first-episode psychosis (FEP), but factors associated with length of DUP are still poorly understood. Aiming to obtain insights into the possible biological impact on DUP, we report genetic analyses of a large multi-center phenotypically well-defined sample encompassing individuals with a diagnosis of FEP recruited from 6 countries spanning 17 research sites, as part of the European Network of National Schizophrenia Networks Studying Gene-Environment Interactions (EU-GEI) study. Genetic propensity was measured using polygenic scores for schizophrenia (SZ-PGS), bipolar disorder (BD-PGS), major depressive disorder (MDD-PGS), and intelligence (IQ-PGS), which were calculated based on the results from the most recent genome-wide association meta-analyses. Following imputation for missing data and log transformation of DUP to handle skewedness, the association between DUP and polygenic scores (PGS), adjusting for important confounders, was investigated with multivariable linear regression models. The sample comprised 619 individuals with a diagnosis of FEP disorders with a median age at first contact of 29.0 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 22.0–38.0). The median length of DUP in the sample was 10.1 weeks (IQR = 3.8–30.8). One SD increases in SZ-PGS, BD-PGS, MDD-PGS or IQ-PGS were not significantly associated with the length of DUP. Our results suggest that genetic variation does not contribute to the DUP in patients with a diagnosis of FEP disorders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0586-7614
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 August 2021
Date of Acceptance: 8 May 2021
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2021 13:34
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/143435

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