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Carcinogen-induced DNA structural distortion differences in the RAS gene isoforms; the importance of local sequence

Menzies, Georgina, Prior, Ian A., Brancale, Andrea, Reed, Simon H. and Lewis, Paul D. 2021. Carcinogen-induced DNA structural distortion differences in the RAS gene isoforms; the importance of local sequence. BMC Chemistry 15 , 51. 10.1186/s13065-021-00777-8

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Abstract

Background Local sequence context is known to have an impact on the mutational pattern seen in cancer. The RAS genes and a smoking carcinogen, Benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE), have been utilised to explore these context effects. BPDE is known to form an adduct at the guanines in a number of RAS gene sites, KRAS codons 12, 13 and 14, NRAS codon 12, and HRAS codons 12 and 14. Results Molecular modelling techniques, along with multivariate analysis, have been utilised to determine the sequence influenced differences between BPDE-adducted RAS gene sequences as well as the local distortion caused by the adducts. Conclusions We conclude that G:C > T:A mutations at KRAS codon 12 in the tumours of lung cancer patients (who smoke), proposed to be predominantly caused by BPDE, are due to the effect of the interaction methyl group at the C5 position of the thymine base in the KRAS sequence with the BPDE carcinogen investigated causing increased distortion. We further suggest methylated cytosine would have a similar effect, showing the importance of methylation in cancer development.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Biosciences
Pharmacy
Publisher: Bio Med Central
ISSN: 2661-801X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 August 2021
Date of Acceptance: 19 August 2021
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2021 14:18
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/143612

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